Kleinian psychoanalysis remains a large and influential school of psychoanalysis within Britain, in much of Latin America, and to an extent in continental Europe. These primary unconscious forces, whose mental matrix is the idspark the ego —the experiencing self—into activity.
The psychological state corresponding to the disintegrating tendency of life she gives the name the paranoid-schizoid position. Her father, brought up in a strictly orthodox Jewish family and originally trained to be a student of the Talmud, broke away from this tradition at the age of 37, studied medicine, and later practiced as a dentist.
However, in she deepened and widened her original concept of envy as the primary source of aggression, directed initially against the mother and her breast.
Pages 64—74 in Sandor Lorand editorPsychoanalysis Today. Through the development of her own distinctive approach to psychoanalysis Klein inaugurated the school of psychoanalysis known as object relations theory, which places the mother-infant relationship at the center of personality development, and influenced the work of prominent psychologists like John Bowlby and Donald Winnicott.
Her first contributions to the Berlin society aroused considerable interest as well as considerable controtroversy there and abroad, and in Ernest Jonesthe president of the British Psycho-analytic Society, invited her to give a course of lectures in London. Contributions to psychoanalysis, Her final work explored the themes of envy, gratitude, and reparation in the mother-infant relationship, themes which were so central to her own experiences as a daughter and a mother.
Building on her intellectual interest in psychoanalysis Ferenczi encouraged Klein to psychoanalyze her own children. She was innovative in both her techniques  such as working with children using toys and her theories on infant development.
In psychological terms Erosthe sustaining and uniting principle of life, is thereby postulated to have a companion force, Thanatoswhich seeks to terminate and disintegrate life.
Two years later she was invited by Karl Abraham to join the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, remaining there untilwhen she moved to London. When she was 21, she married Arthur Klein, an industrial chemist; the marriage was not a happy one. Two of her siblings died at young ages and this has been said to have contributed to the depression that Klein struggled with her entire life.
When she was analyzing small children she found that many of the processes and structures described by Freud had their roots in much earlier periods of life than he had postulated. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. There her work developed, and her clinical and theoretical approach was widely accepted by other analysts.
Soon after her arrival in Berlin she began to develop her technique of analyzing children. However, impressed by her innovative work, British psychoanalyst Ernest Jones invited Klein to come to London inwhere she worked until her death in See Article History Alternative Title: Her emphasis ran counter to the then current psychoanalytic tenet that interpretations should not go very deep and should not be given frequently a.
She had always emphasized the importance of the sadistic, envious feelings in the relationship of the infant toward his parents. Kleinian psychoanalysis with adults is characterized by the traditional method of using an analytic couch and meeting four to five times a week.
During the depressive position the whole relationship to the mother undergoes significant changes that are important for normal development: Edited by Joan Riviere. Klein was the first person to use traditional psychoanalysis with young children.
She was innovative in both her techniques such as working with children using toys and her theories in infant development. The debate resulted in an agreement to teach two schools of thought: She introduced the concept of the paranoid and of the depressive position. Through the development of her own distinctive approach to psychoanalysis Klein inaugurated the school of psychoanalysis known as object relations theory, which places the mother-infant relationship at the center of personality development, and influenced the work of prominent psychologists like John Bowlby and Donald Winnicott.
Some of the main differences in approach were expressed in a symposium on child analysis held in see They had three children, a daughter and two sons. She became a member of the Hungarian Psychoanalytic Society inbut had to leave Hungary due to anti-Semitism.
Melanie Klein was also clinically depressed. Melanie Klein was an early 20th century psychologist who specialized in child psychology and helped popularize the theory of object relations.
Melanie Klein extended and developed Sigmund Freud’s understanding of the unconscious mind. By analysing children’s play, much as Freud had analysed dreams, she explored the uncharted territory of the mind of the infant, finding an early Oedipus complex and the earliest roots of the superego.
Melanie Klein was an Austrian psychoanalyst best known for creating the therapeutic technique known as play therapy. Learn more. 'Depressive position' is a mental constellation defined by Klein as central to the child's development, normally first experienced towards the middle of the first year of life.
It is repeatedly revisited and refined throughout early childhood, and intermittently throughout life. Object Relations Theory Melanie Klein is regarded as one of the founders of `Object Relations Theory,’ a field of thought that developed from Freud’s psychodynamic theory.
This collection of theories discusses the effect of the internalized relations with primary caretakers during infancy (i.e. objects), and their unconscious influence on.
Splitting is a relatively common defense mechanism for people with borderline personality disorder. One of the DSM IV-TR criteria for this disorder is a description of splitting: "a pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation".
In psychoanalytic theory, people with borderline personality disorder are.Melanie klien and psychology